[Overview] The state of New South Wales (NSW) has the largest economy and population in Australia. Located in the southeast of the country, the state covers an area of 809,400 square kilometers and has a population of about 7.7 million.
[Politics] The political system of NSW is based on the separation of powers among the legislative, judicial and executive authorities, with the governor being the nominal executive head of the state and the representative of the Queen of the United Kingdom in the state. The incumbent governor is Margaret Beazley. The New South Wales Parliament consists of two Houses: the Legislative Council (Upper House), which has 42 seats, and the Legislative Assembly (Lower House) with 93 seats. The state government is led by the premier who is responsible for state affairs for a term of four years. The incumbent premier Gladys Berejiklian first ascended to the position in January 2017 and was re-elected in March 2019.
[Economy] As the most economically developed and vibrant state of Australia, NSW has such important industries as service, agriculture, information and communications technology, biomedicine and manufacturing.
[Transportation] NSW boasts convenient sea, land and air transportation. It has four important ports for international trade, namely Port Sydney, Botany Bay, Port of Newcastle and Port Kembla. The state has more than 10,000 kilometers of railway and over 40,000 kilometers of roads, and Sydney Airport is the largest airport in the country.
[Culture and Education] NSW boasts several preeminent universities, including The University of Sydney, the most time-honored one in the country, The University of New South Wales, Macquarie University and University of Technology Sydney. It is also home to the famous Sydney Opera House and Sydney Symphony Orchestra.
[Relations with Beijing] Beijing and New South Wales established the sister-city relationship on August 3, 2012 and renewed the sister-city agreement on November 4, 2019. The two sides have carried out fruitful cooperation in recent years in such areas as scientific and technological innovation, clean energy and culture.
Scientific and Technological Innovation: In 2013, the Zhongguancun Science Park set up its Australian liaison office in NSW to boost pragmatic cooperation and exchanges in the field of science and technology. In 2016, OriginWater, a high-tech enterprise based in the Zhongguancun National Independent Innovation Demonstration Zone, launched its operation in the Torch Innovation Precinct at UNSW, the first of its kind outside China, indicating substantial progress in the joint efforts of building a world-class water research center.
Clean Energy: In 2014, Beijing Energy Group completed its investment in the Gullen Range Wind Farm in NSW. In 2018, the Gullen solar power plant, also acquired by Beijing Energy Group, commenced full-capacity operation. Located within the Gullen Range, Gullen solar power plant shares the power-generating facilities with the wind farm, making Gullen Range the first large-scale co-located wind and solar farm in Australia.
Culture: In 2012, China NCPA (National Center for the Performing Arts) Orchestra held a special concert at the Concert Hall of Sydney Opera House, celebrating 40 years of diplomatic ties between China and Australia. In 2014, the symphony orchestra of Sydney Opera House staged a performance at the NCPA in Beijing.