Beijing Foreign Affairs Office
2022-02-22  |  

[Overview] Hanoi is the capital city and the political, economic and cultural center of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. With a long history, this time-honored capital covers an area of 3,340 square kilometers and has a population of over 7 million.

[Politics] Hanoi is one of the five municipalities directly under the central government of Vietnam.

The secretary of the Hanoi Municipal Party Committee is appointed by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam for a term of five years. Dinh Tien Dung, the incumbent Secretary of the Hanoi Municipal Party Committee, took office in April 2021. With the Municipal People's Committee being its highest executive body, Chu Ngoc Anh, the incumbent Chairman of Hanoi Municipal People's Committee, was elected in September 2020.

[Economy] Hanoi is the commercial center of Vietnam. Its main industries include agriculture, textiles, metallurgy, construction and tourism.

[Culture and Tourism] As the educational center of Vietnam, Hanoi gathers about 60% of the country's scientific research personnel. Most of the universities in the city are publicly funded, including prestigious ones such as Hanoi University of Science and Technology and University of Languages and International Studies. As an important tourist destination, the city also boasts the largest number of scenic spots and historical sites in the country, including more than 600 pagodas and temples. Main tourist attractions include the One-Pillar Pagoda, the Temple of Literature, the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long, Hanoi Opera House, and Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum. Known as the "spring city of flowers" with beautiful scenery, Hanoi is dotted with lakes and graced by green perennial trees and blooming flowers.

[Relations with Beijing] Beijing and Hanoi officially became sister cities on October 5th, 1994. The two cities have had friendly exchanges and cooperation in tourism, culture, education, and other fields since then.

Culture and Tourism: In May 2017, Beijing held a tourism promotion event in Hanoi centering on the theme of Charming Beijing to present the ancient yet modern city's tourism resources such as world heritage sites, regimen based on traditional Chinese medicine, excellent museums and cultural facilities, sports events, art shows, and study tour programs. In January 2019, a tourism photo exhibition and public day event themed "Charming Beijing" was held in Hanoi, giving an all-round presentation of the new Beijing featuring both ancient oriental beauty and modern fashion.

People-to-people Ties and Education: In October 2019, Hanoi sent representatives to participate in the Beijing Sister City Youth Camp, during which the participants deepened mutual understanding by sharing their own cities' practices and experience in the fields of science and technology, culture and green development. Moreover, Hanoi has sent officials to participate in Beijing's Chinese Training Program for Officials from Sister Cities since 2010.