Part II Objectives and Tasks for the 14th Five-Year Plan Period (2021-2025)
After the first centenary goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects is achieved, the 14th Five-Year Plan period marks the first five years on a new journey towards the second centenary goal--fully building a modernized socialist country. The period is also crucial in Beijing's endeavor to achieve its strategic positioning as the national capital and build itself into a harmonious and livable world-class metropolis. Based on the proposal of the CPC Beijing Municipal Committee, we formulated the draft Program of Beijing's 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025) for Economic and Social Development and the Long-Range Objectives through the Year 2035.
With the long-term objective of leading the country in achieving the second centenary goal of socialist modernization, and guided by the principles laid down by the CPC Municipal Committee on Beijing's economic and social development during the 14th Five-Year Plan period and the positioning of Beijing as the national capital, we will build an open and people-oriented economy, underpinned by green growth, innovation, safety and security, and Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei coordinated development. To this end, we have set the following objectives:
Strengthen Beijing's role as the capital. Our capacity to deliver services to state activities will be enhanced. The city's role as the national cultural center will be strengthened. We will foster a more enabling environment and improve our services for international exchanges. The goal of becoming an international center for innovation will be basically realized. The Beijing 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games will be held successfully to further enhance the capital's international stature.
Make greater headway in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei coordinated development. Relieving Beijing of functions nonessential to its role as the capital will yield more fruitful results, and the basic structure of the BMC will be completed. The rail network connecting Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei will provide greater convenience than ever before, and the inter-provincial cooperation mechanism for environmental protection will be improved. We will make breakthroughs in the spatial distribution of the region's innovation chains, industrial chains and supply chains, and the general structure of a world-class city cluster with the capital at its core will take shape.
Improve the quality and performance of the economy. There will emerge a modernized economy, reflective of the capital's unique features. Labor productivity and output per unit of land will continue to rise. To be specific, labor productivity will reach 350,000 yuan and per capita GRP 210,000 yuan. The digital economy will become a new growth driver; emerging sectors with strategic importance and industries of the future will grow stronger. The services sector will enjoy greater strength, and there will be a higher-level dynamic balance between supply and demand, in which supply generates new demand and is driven by demand. We will foster more balanced development between urban and rural areas and achieve greater breakthroughs in the reform of major fields and key areas. The open economy will be taken to a new stage.
Make greater ecological progress. Green development will take root in people's hearts; producing and living green will be widely embraced. Waste sorting will become a voluntary act of all citizens. The use of energy and resources will become much more efficient; energy and water consumption per unit of the GRP will continue to drop. Total production and domestic water use will be kept within three billion cubic meters. We will steadily reduce carbon dioxide emissions, and take solid steps toward carbon neutrality. Beijing will become a model of global climate actions. Total emissions of major air pollutants will continue to drop, and heavy pollution episodes will be closed by and large. No waterbody will be of quality lower than Class V. Forest coverage will increase to 45% on average, and 32% in the plain area, marking significant progress in making Beijing greener.
Improve people's well-being. We will attain fuller and higher-quality employment, with registered urban unemployment rate within 5%. Per capita disposable income will basically grow in step with the economy, while wages will increase generally in step with labor productivity. The income distribution structure will significantly improve, with the middle-income group continuously expanding. The Healthy Beijing initiative will be fully advanced, and we will see substantial progress in the public health emergency response system. We will further improve public services in education, social insurance, housing, elderly care, culture, and sports, among others, and lead the country in equalizing access to basic public services.
Develop more modernized systems and stronger capability for the capital's governance. Fundamental institutions for city governance in all sectors will take shape, with community-level governance greatly improved. Social governance will become more and more efficient. Our citizens' social etiquette and civility will be enhanced. We will make Beijing safer, continuously improve the institutions and mechanisms for forestalling and defusing major risks, and substantially improve our capability for public emergency response, which will then translate into greater resilience of the city in all respects and greater security for development.
During the 14th Five-Year Plan period, we are to fulfill the following tasks in economic and social development:
· Deliver quality services as the national political center;
· Make solid headway in serving as the national cultural center;
· Strengthen Beijing's role as the center for international exchange;
· Grow faster into an international center for innovation;
· Advance Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei coordinated development;
· Build a modern economy featuring unique qualities and vitality;
· Develop Beijing into a high-quality city with greater livability;
· Make Beijing a greener city;
· Join hands with all stakeholders in advancing the Healthy Beijing initiative;
· Secure and improve people's welfare;
· Advance more effective reform and opening-up; and
· Make Beijing safer.