5. Improve the law-based, precision and participatory governance of Beijing
We will achieve new progress in comprehensive transit governance. The action plan for comprehensive transit governance will be enforced with a people-centered approach. Priority will be given to slow, public and green transportation to raise the ratio of green commuting to 75%. We will encourage shared parking, create 5,000 parking spaces at underground civil air defense works, and put more roads below the collector-road level under autonomous parking management. We will enhance law enforcement to curb illegal parking and rectify parking order.
A systematic and continuous network for slow transportation will be set up and 378 kilometers of bicycle tracks will be improved to protect the road rights of pedestrians and bicycle riders. Trials will be conducted to integrate the functions of waterfronts, greenways and the network of slow transportation. There will be an appropriate control over the fleet of shared bicycles, and e-fences will be installed on a trial basis in 20 heavy-traffic areas. Express and takeaway delivery vehicles will be better regulated and harsher penalties will be imposed on motor vehicles for traffic violations such as ignoring prohibition signs, running the red light and occupying bus-only lanes.
A comprehensive traffic management, monitoring and early warning platform will be established with shared big data. We will optimize the signal timing of 100 intersections on main roads. We will pilot dispatching ground public transportation cross-route and cross-area, and launch customized public transportation services for key areas. 80 bus routes will be adjusted and public transportation demonstration lines will be launched.
20 municipal-level congestion relief projects will be carried out together with the second round of transportation improvement in areas around the railway stations. The focus will be on improving traffic in areas around schools, hospitals, scenic spots and business districts. We will further straighten out the managerial structures of Beijing West Railway Station and other train stations in the city, and improve their services and management across the board. We will speed up the building of 16 rail transit lines that are under construction and complete the construction of four trunk roads and 24 collector roads. The suburban railway system will be further integrated into Beijing's urban transportation network. We will provide quality services to the second United Nations Global Sustainable Transportation Conference to showcase our achievements in transportation improvement and management.
We will continue to prevent and control air pollution. We will fulfill the targets of the Three-Year Action Plan for Protecting Beijing's Blue Skies, despite increasing difficulties for further emission reduction. We will adopt regulations on control of emissions from motor vehicles and non-road mobile machinery, apply China VI-B standard, enforce the city-wide ban of diesel trucks manufactured according to China III, promote the use of electronic vehicles in public transportation, sanitation services, logistics, taxi services and other key industries and implement the policy to control access by high emission non-road mobile machinery to low emission zones.
Dusting and coarse particulate matters will continue to be monitored and evaluated and government agencies at all levels will be accountable for fulfilling the specific responsibilities assigned to them. We will launch a special law enforcement operation to control VOC pollution and strictly implement discharge standards and conduct special inspections on petrochemical, printing, and automobile repair industries as well as key catering businesses.
We'll continue to substitute clean energy for bulk coal consumption in rural areas and increase the share of new energy and renewables in Beijing's energy mix. Heavy air pollution will be tackled in particular and joint actions against air pollution will be taken in cooperation with neighboring provinces. We will conduct routine, special and day-to-day eco-environment inspections at the municipal-level.
High quality green spaces will increase. We will implement a new round of the one million mu (66,667 hectares) afforestation project, which will add 170,000 mu (11,333 hectares) of green areas to Beijing and help build a connected urban forest ecosystem that enjoys bio-diversity. We will set up a system for managing nature reserves by class and grade, and encourage Yanqing, Huairou and Miyun to join the ranks of "National Forest Cities". Further steps will be taken in building a sponge city with efficient water use, where 70% rainfall can be collected and utilized in over 20% of the built-up areas.
Protection for the ecosystem of Miyun Reservoir will be strengthened and the maintenance of the Beijing section of the central route of the South-North Water Diversion Project will be completed. With the launch of the third three-year action plan on sewage treatment in urban and rural areas, we will build 200 kilometers of sewage pipes, complete phase II of Hexi Water Recycling Plant in Fengtai, and upgrade the sewage treatment plants in Dongba, Chaoyang, among others, thus raising the city's sewage treatment rate to 95% and the amount of recycled water use to 1.2 billion cubic meters.
The rain water and sewage diversion program will continue. Below-standard and unlicensed sewage discharges into rivers will be heavily punished. We will consolidate progress already made in treatment of black and malodorous water bodies and control of riverside sewage outfalls. We will strengthen pollution risk control for key areas of land and complete a detailed survey of soil pollution on land used by enterprises of key industries.
We will advance MSW sorting. The newly-revised Regulations on Municipal Solid Waste Management will be enforced. Party and government organizations and public institutions should take the lead in compulsory waste sorting and encourage the general public to do likewise. Waste should be reduced at the source. We will push forward waste sorting in residential communities step by step, and improve the system for waste disposal, collection and transportation by category according to local conditions. We will designate MSW sorting demonstration zones in 90% of the sub-districts and townships, and popularize MSW sorting knowledge in schools, communities, and rural areas to develop waste sorting into a new trend.
We will build waste treatment facilities promptly and put into operation the incineration plant in the Fangshan Circular Economy Industrial Park. Construction wastes will be put under tighter regulation and we will continue to crack down on violations in their transportation and disposal with a view to raising their recycling ratio.
We will promote cross-agency collaboration and participatory governance. Guided by Party building initiatives, we will deepen the reform of the "respond to whistles" mechanism and improve the mechanism for "prompt response to public complaints". Under the system of using indicators to monitor and evaluate our efforts to meet the requirements of "seven accesses" and "five expectations", a service model of "hotline plus grid" will be created on the basis of the "12345" hotline and Beijing's grid-based management platform, and we encourage government bodies to be proactive in solving problems, rather than wait for complaints.
The Regulations on Sub-district Government Organizations will be put into effect and institutional restructuring will take place at the township level. We will establish the system under which a list is drawn up to define government responsibilities at the sub-district (township) level. Law enforcement support personnel will be managed by lower authorities, divided into fewer categories, and subject to defined rules and procedures. The Regulations on Property Management will be formulated and implemented. Neighborhood committees, property owners' organizations and property management companies will be involved in community governance under the leadership of community-level CPC organizations, through a mechanism of consultation, communication and collaboration. Property management services will become part of the community governance.
We will continue to tackle prominent issues relating to property management and improve property management services in all aspects. Public participation in community affairs will be enhanced through community meeting halls and other platforms. We will continue our support for the public policy dialogue program "A Step Forward".
The action plan on big data will be further implemented. Mechanisms will be created for data purchase and use of public data, and there will be application demonstrations for "Social Credit Plus" in healthcare, consumption and other areas. We will launch a big data platform for comprehensive law enforcement in city management and improve precision governance with the use of AI, IoT and other technologies.
6. Balance urban-rural development and make substantive progress in rural revitalization
We will improve the institutional arrangements for integrated urban-rural development. We will complete the Three-year Action Plan on Building a Beautiful Countryside. Development plans will be made for the third group of villages. Over 98% of toilets in rural areas will be equipped with non-polluting disposal facilities and over 50% of the villages will have sewage treatment facilities. Rural residents will by and large enjoy a clean and tidy environment. Solid progress will be made in building 152 demonstration villages under rural revitalization.
Rural roads, power grids, water supply facilities and other infrastructure will be upgraded and supported by an effective management and maintenance mechanism. We will survey the rights over rural residential land and collective land for construction purposes, encourage lawful transactions in rural collective construction land, and formulate measures on managing rural residential land. We will regulate the use of vacant rural houses and develop boutique B&Bs and other green businesses to improve the appeal of Beijing's suburban tourism. We will promote sustained and balanced growth of the rural collective economy by strengthening management of collective assets and by advancing the pilot program of improving the performance of 70 villages with a weak collective economy. We will advance trials of a new-type collective forest farms by improving policies of turning farmland into forests and developing forest farming.
We will adopt policy measures to develop high-quality modern agriculture in urban areas and basically complete the construction of the Beijing demonstration zone for supply of green, quality and hazard-free farm products, thus raising investment returns for agriculture. Strictly following the practice of city mayors responsible for the "vegetable basket" (non-grain food supply), we will ensure adequate supply and stabilize prices of pork and other key agricultural products. Agricultural production will take on new forms to become more technology-driven, industrialized and market-responsive. We will encourage people with various skills to engage in agricultural innovation and build their careers in rural areas, and train a large number of farmer-turned entrepreneurs who understand technologies, have managerial skills and are interested in farming. We will lift all low-income rural households out of the low-income category, find a long-term mechanism to eliminate relative poverty and build the capacity of low-income villages and rural households to help themselves.
We will advance coordinated development of key areas. We will implement new action plans on developing the southern part of Beijing. We will develop such key projects as Fengtai Railway Station, Lize Financial Business District, and the Liuli River Heritage Park in Fangshan, and a new campus of the Capital Medical University will be built. We will increase the comprehensive bearing capacity of Daxing, Fangshan and other new towns in southern Beijing. We will improve the new urban system by developing satellite towns along major corridors and important transportation lines. Experience gained from the pilot project of Wangsiying Township will be replicated in more places to advance urbanization in the first greenbelt area and explore new ways of urban development in the second greenbelt area. We will advance the building of the demonstration area showcasing the industrial upgrading and transformation in western Beijing and implement the three-year action plan for the new Shougang area, and press ahead with the 10 key engineering projects such as the Winter Olympics rail transit branch line. We will adjust and improve the evaluation system for eco-conservation areas, enhance paired collaboration between the plain area and the eco-conservation areas, upgrade the Beijing section of National Highway 109 into an expressway, and accelerate other infrastructure projects. We will deliver a successful World Leisure Congress 2020.
We will help lift the assisted regions completely out of poverty. We will carry out precision and paired assistance for deeply impoverished areas in industrial development, employment, education and healthcare to help them eradicate poverty as scheduled. Governments at the district level will join the paired assistance program that includes poverty alleviation through purchase of the poor regions' products, intellectual support and consolidation of existing progress. We will advance the South-North Water Diversion Project paired collaboration program, enhance cooperation with Shenyang and other regions, and use each other's advantage for mutual progress.
7. Improve government services on "seven accesses" and "five expectations" to make people feel happier, more secure and better-served
We will work hard to meet people's expectations for education. In light of the changing educational needs of school-age children, we will implement the Capital Education Modernization 2035 Initiative and its five-year implementation plan and set up an educational system that offers well-rounded education in the moral, intellectual, physical and aesthetic domains and instills in students a hardworking spirit. More efforts will be made to improve teachers' ethical standards, hire teachers from diversified sources and implement the action plan on teacher training. We'll advance research and reform on primary education, and provide better after-school services for primary and junior high school students, focusing on physical activities. We will complete the third phase pre-school education action plan by adding 30,000 places in kindergartens and raising the coverage of affordable kindergartens to over 80%.
We will continue to encourage reputable educational groups to run primary and secondary schools in the region and make steady progress in the reform of entrance examinations for senior high schools and universities. After-school tutoring institutions will be better regulated. We will enable institutes of higher learning to pursue high-quality and differentiated development, build themselves into world-class universities, and develop first-class academic programs. We will implement the program that encourages municipal universities to pursue category-specific development. We will reform and optimize the system and mechanism for building and managing centers of high-end, precision and sophisticated technologies.
We will use development councils to deepen institutional reforms in education and further develop Shahe and Liangxiang University Towns. We will encourage businesses deeply involved in education to participate in vocational education. We will develop ethnic minority, special, online and continuous education in a coordinated way and turn Beijing into a learning city at a faster pace.
We will continue to advance the Healthy Beijing Initiative. A health service system will emerge that covers all groups of people and the entire life-cycle, the focus of which will shift from disease treatment to health promotion, especially better maternal, child, disabled and elderly care services. We will advance the pilot program of building healthcare service alliances and tightly-knit hospital consortiums. Grade II hospitals and private medical institutions will be included in the family-doctors program to achieve the ratio of 3 general practitioners for every 10,000 residents and to improve service quality and satisfaction rates.
We will make progress in developing the tiered diagnosis and treatment model, improve services through electronic health records that can be shared among hospitals, and provide a more convenient and comfortable hospital experience for patients. We will push for legislation to ensure safety and order in hospitals, improve the doctor-patient communication mechanism, protect the personal safety of medical professionals and create an orderly hospital environment. We will advance drug purchasing on a transparent platform and jointly purchase medical consumables with Tianjin and Hebei, reasonably cut prices of medicines and consumables and adjust prices and items of medical services. We will tighten regulation on the medical insurance fund, punish insurance frauds and, at the same time, conduct a pilot reform on medical insurance payment models.
We will improve pre-hospital first aid. The service scopes and working hours of 30 first aid stations will be readjusted to meet over 95% of pre-hospital first aid needs. A three-year capacity building action plan will be drafted for the public health system to become more capable of managing communicable diseases and public health emergencies. Greater efforts will be made to put Fengtai and Daxing on the list of national model districts for public health and sanitation. The action plan for development of traditional Chinese medicine under the Healthy Beijing Initiative will be carried out and regulations on developing traditional Chinese medicine will be introduced.
We will deliver on employment and social security. The three-year action plan for vocational skills improvement will be implemented. Tailor-made skills training will be offered to meet the hiring needs in high-end, precision and sophisticated industries, municipal function support and daily life services. We will increase support to businesses and ensure job stability, promote flexible employment, and tap into the potential of entrepreneurship to drive employment. We plan to add 280,000 urban jobs this year.
We will advance the reform on the basic pension system, continue to expand the coverage of the social safety net. The power of approval for social relief will be delegated and a profile will be developed and regularly updated for the poor. Policy coordination will be strengthened to help eligible low-income rural households obtain social relief. We will build an elderly service system that is supported by homes, communities and institutions coordinating with each other and offers both healthcare and wellbeing services. We will open 100 community elderly-care service stations and 100 rural neighborhood elderly-care sites, expand trials for long-term care insurance to more areas, strengthen training for carers and improve service quality of elderly-care stations. The action plan for the development of barrier-free environments will be fully implemented and we will look for ways for people with disabilities to use barrier-free facilities in public spaces by appointment so that they can integrate into society.
We will maintain stability and sound development of the real estate market. Keeping in mind that "housing is for living, not for speculation", we will further improve the long-term regulatory system for the real estate market. We will put 600 hectares of commercial residential land on record, and build or make available 45,000 units of government-subsidized housing. We will accelerate the building of rental housing on collective land around key industrial parks and along key rail transit lines to meet the housing needs of people who are formally employed or run their own businesses and contract workers hired by municipal services.
Conversion of non-residential buildings into rental housing will be regulated to ensure proper order in the leasing market. We will improve the policy on "shared ownership housing" allocation. We will expand the pilots on renewal of government-owned single-storey residential buildings upon requests by individual households and pilots on renovation of courtyard houses to accommodate both old and new occupants; we will renovate more dilapidated housing and buildings with poor facilities, and rebuild rundown areas. We will advance renovation of old communities by launching 80 renovation projects, finishing installation of over 200 lifts, and starting installing another 400 plus.
We will improve the impact of public cultural services. The supply-side structural reform will deepen in the cultural sector to provide more quality cultural products. 20,000 local cultural activities will be held and e-coupons of at least 50 million yuan will be issued. We will speed up the development of cultural venues in southern Beijing, create more cultural spaces out of preserved old industrial plants, and allow users to access all public libraries in Beijing with a single library card. Parks, museums, cultural centers and other cultural venues will be encouraged to prolong opening hours if conditions allow.
We will strengthen coordination, guidance and accreditation management of cultural and creative industry parks to promote their specialization. We will advance integration between the cultural sector and the financial, technology and tourism sectors, and build more demonstration centers for culture and technology integration. Media integration will be promoted to create smart radio and television groups and networks. We will support the WTCF Fragrant Hills Tourism Summit 2020 and ensure the continued successes of the Beijing International Film Festival, the Beijing Design Week and other brand cultural activities.
We will promote sports development in the capital. The implementing measures for the Program for Building a Leading Sports Nation will be adopted and enforced. We will name 20 model urban sub-districts and sports townships under the "fitness-for-all" program. More sports ground and facilities will be built on vacated land and greens and in urban parks as conditions allow. 300 multiple-function venues for football, basketball and other sports and 30 kilometers of community walking tracks will be constructed. Regulations will improve for sports facilities to open to the public and meet diverse needs for sports.
We will promote integration of sports with education and society, support the development of sports clubs and enhance sports training for teenagers so as to expand the future talent pool. We will play good host to the Sport Accord 2020, China Open, CFID Beijing Marathon and other important international sports events.
We will continue to ensure social harmony and stability. The emergency management system will be reformed to improve the command and rescue capacity, the professionalism of first responders, and the disaster prevention and mitigation capability, for the purpose of making our city more resilient. We will revise the Regulations on Workplace Safety, put our district on the national list of model cities for workplace safety, and strengthen comprehensive law enforcement and regulation capability for work site safety. Special inspections will be carried out on hazardous chemicals and liquefied petroleum gas. Underground pipelines will be put under tighter safety regulation to prevent major accidents.
We will strengthen tiered risk management in food manufacturing and retail and make no compromise on food and medication safety. We will improve local financial regulatory system and push for the adoption of regulations, prevent and crack down on illegal fundraising, and continue to address online financial risks. Cyberspace governance will be strengthened in accordance with the law to safeguard cyber security.
We will assess, investigate and resolve public complaints, solve long-pending cases, meet people's reasonable and lawful demands, and make our public complaint responses law-based and more effective. Guidelines on building smart and safe communities will be mapped out. An effective and long-term mechanism will be put in place to combat organized crimes and root out local mafia. Crimes and other illegal acts will be punished to the full extent of the law and a strengthened multidimensional, IT-supported system will be in place for crime prevention and control.
We will implement the Party's policies on ethnic affairs and basic guidelines on religious affairs, continue to promote ethnic solidarity and progress and base our work on ethnic and religious affairs on law. We will protect the lawful rights and interests of women and children. Full support will be given to the modernization of armed forces. We will strengthen defense education, civil air defense, and military-civilian mutual support. We will provide quality services to veterans, strengthen civil-military integration, and promote greater solidarity between the military and the municipal government and people.
8. Improve governance capacity and build a service-oriented government to meet public expectations
To perform our new tasks under new situations, we must commit ourselves to the new development philosophy and a people-centered approach, be innovative and efficient, and build a modern governance system.
We will further strengthen political building. Bearing in mind that "Beijing is judged first and foremost by its political stance", we will maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and align with the central authorities. We will strengthen our confidence in our path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and uphold General Secretary Xi Jinping's core position in the Party Central Committee and in the Party as a whole. We will carry out decisions and plans of the CPC Central Committee without any reservation, obey the Party's political discipline and rules and seek instructions and report on major issues. We will put in place a long-term mechanism to remind ourselves of our aspirations and missions and foster faithful, honest and responsible Party officials.
We will further enhance our capacity. We will explore joint law enforcement across sectors and agencies, and consolidate administrative law enforcement teams to build a working mechanism where law enforcement is effectively coordinated among the municipal, district and sub-district levels. Government staffing will be strictly managed and all kinds of staffing resources will be tapped. We will tighten our belts, cut general expenditures by 3% and expenditures on general projects by 10% and extend the total-cost, performance-based budgeting reform to such areas as public utilities, transfer payments and administrative management. The way revenue is divided between the municipal and district governments will be reformed and the transfer payment system will be improved. Major research will be done for the drafting of a sound 14th Five-Year Plan. We will improve government services and governance by emphasizing professionalism and embracing new philosophies, technologies and methodologies.
We will further improve our work style. We will strictly enforce the implementing rules of the CPC Central Committee's eight-point decision on conduct and the implementation measures of the Municipal Party Committee, keep ourselves alert against new manifestations of the "four tendencies" and do away with unnecessary formalities and bureaucracy. We will continue the practices of "meeting-free weeks" and "meeting-free days", and control the number of inspections and evaluations of all types and at all levels to reduce the burden on officials working at the primary level. We will build a We will build a "check box" performance evaluation system under which government services are rated by businesses and the people, thus urging governments at all levels to heighten their sense of responsibility and serving the people. Through the reform on titles and ranks, we will care for our officials and also incentivize them to shoulder responsibilities and contribute to the new era.
We will continue to build a clean government. We must lead by example in assuming responsibilities for strict Party governance, and improve the downward transmission of Party governance responsibilities in the government system. We will implement the Regulations on Government Information Disclosure, adopt approaches for greater public participation in government affairs and advance the Sunshine Government program. The scope and depth of auditing and oversight will be expanded until all government work is subject to auditing. We will minimize corruption risks in key areas, agencies and posts, address corruption that occurs on the people's doorsteps and foster a healthy political culture of integrity and honesty.
The history of the past seven decades has illuminated our path towards the future, and our mission in the new era calls for a greater sense of responsibility. We must unite more closely around the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, hold high the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, follow the strong leadership of the CPC Beijing Municipal Committee, stay true to our aspiration and the mission of the Party, unite ourselves to complete the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects and the 13th Five-Year Plan, and write a Beijing chapter in the annals of achieving the "Two Centenary Goals" and national rejuvenation!