[Overview] Lima is the capital city of the Republic of Peru. Located on the east coast of the Pacific Ocean at an altitude of 154 meters, the city covers an area of 2,672 square kilometers and has a population of 9.48 million.
[Politics] Located in the Department of Lima, the Lima Province is the country's only province that is directly administered by the central government, with the City of Lima being its capital city. The Mayor of Lima is also the Governor of Lima Province, and the city and the province share the same leadership. The City of Lima has an administrative committee, a mayor's office (the city government) and a city council, and the mayor also serves as chairman of the administrative committee and the city council. Consisting of 39 members who are elected by the constituents for a term of four years, the administrative committee is responsible for passing the policies, laws and resolutions formulated by the city government. The city council, which has 100 members including 42 district chiefs and 58 representatives from social organizations in Lima, is responsible for policy implementation and provides policy recommendations. The city government has a mayor, a deputy mayor and a secretary general of the administrative committee, and under it are various committees and organs responsible for work in specific areas. The incumbent mayor Jorge Muñoz Wells came into office in January 2019 for a term of four years.
[Economy] Lima is the political, economic, cultural, industrial and financial center of Peru, with its GDP accounting for over half of the national total. There are thousands of factories of various sizes in the city that are engaged in such businesses as textile, foodstuff, leather making, hat making, electric domestic appliances, cosmetics, tobacco processing, cement and rubber, generating output value that takes up two thirds of that of the national manufacturing industry. The city's main industries include manufacturing, service and tourism. The Port of Callao 12 kilometers away from the City of Lima is the largest port in the country, handling 80 percent of the country's imports and exports.
[Culture and Education] Lima is home to 3,500 primary and middle schools and 12 universities. The National University of San Marcos is one of the oldest universities in South America. The Historic Center of Lima is listed as a world cultural heritage site by UNESCO. The city is also home to the Gold Museum and the National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology and History.
[Transportation] Lima is a transportation hub of Peru from which roads reach out to all corners of the country, and the Lima Jorge Chavez International Airport built in 1985 is an important airport in South America. The South American section of the Pan-American Highway runs through the east part of Lima, and its old city area houses the Central Railway Station of Peru, from which the railway runs eastward over the Andes all the way to La Oroya, a vital metallurgical base. There are also railways connecting Lima with the Port of Callao, Oroya and Cerro de Pasco.
[Relations with Beijing] Beijing and Lima officially became sister cities on November 21, 1983. Since then, the two cities have had extensive communication and cooperation in such areas as culture and education.
Culture: In 1999, the inauguration ceremony of the monument marking the 150th anniversary of the arrival of Chinese in Peru was held in the Chaoyang Park, Beijing. In 2001, the Beijing Cultural Week was held in Lima. In 2008, to celebrate the 25 years of sisterhood between the two cities, Beijing, with the help of the Chinese Embassy in Peru and the Lima city government, organized the Cultural Week event in Peru and staged a series of performances. In 2011, Beijing held the Charming Beijing photo exhibition in Lima in celebration of the 40th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between China and Peru. In 2016, Beijing held a guqin concert with the theme of “Lofty Mountains and Flowing Water” in Lima.
Education: In 1986, the Gu Cheng No.2 Primary School in Shijingshan District of Beijing was named the “China-Peru Friendship Primary School” to celebrate the 15th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between China and Peru and the 3rd anniversary of the formation of the sister-city relationship between Beijing and Lima.