[Overview] Mexico City, also known as the federal district, is the capital of Mexico. It is the country's political, economic, cultural and transportation center. Mexico City is located in a valley in the southern plateau of central Mexico. It has an altitude of 2,240 meters and covers an area of 1,525 square kilometers. The population in the downtown Mexico City is about 8.92 million, and the Mexico City metropolitan area (including satellite cities) is home to 22 million people.
[Politics] Mexico City is governed by the city council and the city government. The city council is composed of 66 members elected by citizens for a term of three years. The city council has one chairman, four vice chairmen, two secretaries-general, and two deputy secretaries-general, all elected by city councilors. The current chairman José de Jesús Martín del Campo, who is also a member of the National Regeneration Movement, took office on September 15, 2018.
Before 1997, the mayor of Mexico City was appointed by the central government. Starting from 1997, the mayor has been elected by citizens for a term of six years and cannot be re-elected. The city government is composed of the mayor's office and finance, environmental protection, education and other departments. The director of the mayor's office and the department heads are appointed by the mayor. The current mayor Claudia Sheinbaum took office on December 5, 2018.
[Economy] Mexico City is the economic, financial, and commercial center of Mexico, home to half of the country's industrial, commercial, service, and financial entities. The tertiary sector accounts for 85 percent of the city's GDP, and the city's pillar industries include finance, manufacturing, commerce, construction, and tourism.
[Culture] As the country's cultural center, Mexico City is both a metropolis full of modern vitality, and one that is home to the legacy of the Aztec civilization, one of the three ancient civilizations of the Americas, and of the Spanish culture in the colonial era. There are more than 450 museums and 40 art galleries in the city. The more than 27,000 artifacts displayed at the famous National Museum of Anthropology show the origin and development of ancient Latin American culture. The Pyramid of the Moon and the Pyramid of the Sun, located 20 kilometers northeast of Mexico City, are important cultural heritage sites in Latin America. In 1987, they were designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Torre Mayor is a 55-storey building inaugurated in June 2003. Standing 225 meters in height, it had been the tallest building in Latin America until 2010. Avenue of the Insurgents (Avenida de los Insurgentes) is one of the main north-south roads running through the city, with a length of 50 kilometers. Paseo de la Reforma runs through the city from east to west and the Angel of Independence Monument stands on the center of this major thoroughfare. There are murals strongly rooted in the local culture everywhere in Mexico City which is also known as the City of Murals. The Chapultepec Forest Park, covering an area of 690 hectares, is Mexico City's largest green space. The park is also a cultural hub, housing the Museum of Anthropology, the Museum of Modern Art and the Museum of Nature. Mexico City hosted the 19th Summer Olympic Games in 1968 and the 9th FIFA World Cup in 1970.
[Education] There are 500 universities and research institutions in the city. Located in the south of the city, the National Autonomous University of Mexico is the largest and oldest university in the country. Founded in 1551, it currently has more than 300,000 students, about 35,700 teachers, and 30 research institutes, which carry out almost half of the country's research activities.
[Relations with Beijing] On October 19, 2009, Beijing and Mexico City established a sister city relationship. In recent years, the two cities have maintained close contact and engaged in fruitful cooperation.
In 2010, the Beijing-Mexico City Forum was held in Mexico City. Representatives of the two sides engaged in in-depth discussions on topics such as knowledge cities, industrial parks, economic and telecommunications development, environmental protection, historical and cultural heritage protection, rural development, culture and tourism.
In 2018, Mexico held the tenth International Friendly Cultures Fair (FICA), which featured China as the Guest of Honor. As the guest city for the event, Beijing presented a series of activities including Chinese Design, Culture, and Life Exhibition, and Beijing Culture and Creativity Week. These exhibitions, design-themed forums, business matchmaking meetings, art performances and interactive activities showed Mexican citizens the culture of contemporary China that is open, inclusive, energetic, and forward-looking.
In 2019, to celebrate the tenth anniversary of the sister city relationship between Beijing and Mexico City, the Chinese Art Exhibition co-sponsored by the People's Government of Beijing Municipality and the Mexican City Government was unveiled in Mexico City. Thirty exquisite paintings from the Beijing Research Institute of Culture and History were displayed in the historic building of the city hall.